Oscar wilde wikipedia english

Oscar Wilde Biography

oscar wilde wikipedia english

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October – 30 November ) was an Irish poet .. Richard D'Oyly Carte, an English impresario, invited Wilde to make a lecture tour of North America, simultaneously priming the pump for the US.


This is a bibliography of works by Oscar Wilde , a late-Victorian Irish writer. Chiefly remembered today as a playwright , especially for The Importance of Being Earnest , and as the author of The Picture of Dorian Gray ; Wilde's oeuvre includes criticism, poetry, children's fiction, and a large selection of reviews, lectures and journalism. His private correspondence has also been published. Wilde was declared bankrupt to pay legal costs after his conviction for " gross indecency ", and his possessions - including manuscripts, letters, books and presentation volumes of all the major literary figures of his day - were sold by auction. This has made bibliographical and biographical studies of unpublished work more difficult since they are widely dispersed, some in private ownership. The largest collection of Wilde's letters, manuscripts, and other material relating to his literary circle are housed at the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library. Dates are dates of first performance, which approximate better to the probable date of composition than dates of publication.

Wilde was bisexual. He was married, and had two children. His downfall came as a result of his affair with a younger man, Lord Alfred Douglas. In London, he worked as a journalist for four years. Known for his biting wit , flamboyant clothes , and glittering conversation , Wilde was one of the best known personalities of the day. It was his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray , which brought him full recognition.

The English author Oscar Wilde was part of the "art for art's sake" movement in English literature at the end of the nineteenth century. He is best known for his brilliant, witty comedies including the play The Importance of Being Earnest and his classic novel The Picture of Dorian Gray. His father, Sir William Wilde, was a well-known surgeon; his mother, Jane Francisca Elgee Wilde, wrote popular poetry and other work under the pseudonym pen name Speranza. Because of his mother's literary successes, young Oscar enjoyed a cultured and privileged childhood. There, he began attracting public attention through the uniqueness of his writing and his lifestyle. In he was awarded the Newdigate Prize for his poem "Ravenna.

No name is more inextricably bound to the aesthetic movement of the s and s in England than that of Oscar Wilde. This connection results as much from the lurid details of his life as from his considerable contributions to English literature. His lasting literary fame resides primarily in four or five plays, one of which— The Importance of Being Earnest, first produced in —is a classic of comic theater.
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Oscar Wilde 's colourful life and disappointing end have made him a continual fascination for biographers, beginning soon after his death by people known to him. Crosland , vindictively reacted to Douglas's discovery that De Profundis was addressed to him and defensively tried to distance him from Wilde's scandalous reputation. Both authors later regretted their work. Frank Harris made his own contribution in a full-length memoir, Oscar Wilde: His Life and Confessions , which is considered very readable but not entirely reliable. It was revised and updated by Merlin Holland in

Join Vikidia: create your account now and improve it! Oscar Wilde was mainly an author. He was born in and died in He lived during the Victorian era. Oscar Wilde was born in October 16, in Dublin.

Oscar Wilde

Oscar Wilde: The Picture of Dorian Gray - FULL AudioBook - Dramatic Reading - Fiction

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Oscar Wilde is a play written by Leslie and Sewell Stokes. It is based on the life of the Irish playwright Oscar Wilde in which Wilde's friend, the controversial author and journalist Frank Harris , appears as a character. The play, which contains much of Wilde's actual writings, starts with Wilde's literary success and his friendship with Lord Alfred Douglas , turns into a courtroom melodrama, and ends with Wilde as a broken alcoholic after two years in prison. Owing to the play's subject matter it was never granted a licence by the Lord Chamberlain and could, therefore, only be staged in England at a theatre club where membership was required. Opening on 29 September, the play ran for six weeks and proved to be one of the theatre's most successful productions. Later in New York in , again with Morley in the title role, the play became a major award-winning success on Broadway at the Fulton Theatre where it opened on 10 October and ran for performances. This success launched Robert Morley's career as a stage actor on both sides of the Atlantic.

After writing in different forms throughout the s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early s. He is best remembered for his epigrams and plays, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray , and the circumstances of his criminal conviction for "gross indecency", imprisonment, and early death at age Wilde's parents were successful Anglo-Irish intellectuals in Dublin. Their son became fluent in French and German early in life. At university, Wilde read Greats ; he proved himself to be an outstanding classicist, first at Trinity College Dublin , then at Oxford. He became known for his involvement in the rising philosophy of aestheticism , led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin.

Born on October 16, in Dublin, author, playwright and poet Oscar Wilde was a popular literary figure in late Victorian England, known for his brilliant wit, flamboyant style and infamous imprisonment for homosexuality. After graduating from Oxford University, he lectured as a poet, art critic and a leading proponent of the principles of aestheticism. In , he published The Picture of Dorian Gray, his only novel which was panned as immoral by Victorian critics, but is now considered one of his most notable works.




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